Fishing

   Portugal's long coastline and seafaring tradition have made fishing an important economic activity. The country's main fishing ports and centers of commercial fish processing are Lisbon, Setúbal, Matosinhos, and Portimão. The most important of the 200 species of fish caught in adjacent waters are anchovy, sardines, mackerel, stickleback, and tunny. While most fish caught by Portuguese fishermen is consumed locally, sardines, canned in oil, are exported.
   During the Estado Novo, fishermen were organized into mixed employer-employee organizations called casas dos pescadores, but these were underfunded, and, because no attempt was made to modernize the industry, fishing stagnated. Cod fishing off Greenland and Newfoundland, at one time a major aspect of the Portuguese fishing industry, went into decline and has all but disappeared owing to the failure of Portugal to modernize its cod-fishing fleet and adopt modern fishing techniques. This has meant that Portugal has had to purchase foreign-caught cod to satisfy local demand for bacalhau (codfish), the country's national dish since the 15th century.
   See also Economy.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fishing — Fish ing, a. [From {Fishing}, n.] Pertaining to fishing; used in fishery; engaged in fishing; as, fishing boat; fishing tackle; fishing village. [1913 Webster] {Fishing fly}, an artificial fly for fishing. {Fishing line}, a line used in catching… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fishing — verbal noun from prp. of FISH (Cf. fish), c.1300, fysschynge; figurative use from 1540s. Fishing rod (1550s) is older than fishing pole (1791). To “go fishing” is as old as Old English on fiscoð gan. [O]f all diversions which ingenuity ever… …   Etymology dictionary

  • fishing — [n] angling fly fishing, freshwater fishing, piscary, trawling, trolling; concept 363 …   New thesaurus

  • fishing — fishing; elec·tro·fishing; …   English syllables

  • Fishing — Fish ing, n. 1. The act, practice, or art of one who fishes. [1913 Webster] 2. A fishery. Spenser. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fishing — speculative. In referring to interrogatories in England, or diligence in Scotland, it means that the purpose of obtaining the powers is not known; rather it is hoped that once granted something will turn up. Courts generally do not grant such… …   Law dictionary

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  • fishing — [fish′iŋ] n. 1. the catching of fish for sport or for a living 2. a place to fish …   English World dictionary

  • Fishing — Not to be confused with phishing. Stilts fishermen, Sri Lanka …   Wikipedia

  • fishing — /fish ing/, n. 1. the act of catching fish. 2. the technique, occupation, or diversion of catching fish. 3. a place or facility for catching fish. [1250 1300; ME fisshing. See FISH, ING1] * * * or sport fishing Sport of catching fish freshwater… …   Universalium

  • fishing — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ good ▪ This stretch of the river is renowned for its good fishing. ▪ coarse (BrE), deep sea, drift net, saltwater, sea …   Collocations dictionary

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